Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/1866
Título: Effects of genotype and dietary fish oil replacement with vegetable oil on the intestinal transcriptome and proteome of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
Autor: Silva, Tomé
Cordeiro, O.
Rodrigues, Pedro
Guy, Derrick R.
Bron, James E.
Taggart, John B.
Bell, J. Gordon
Tocher, Douglas R.
Data: 4-Set-2012
Editora: BiomedCentral
Citação: BMC Genomics. 2012 Sep 04;13(1):448
Resumo: Expansion of aquaculture requires alternative feeds and breeding strategies to reduce dependency on fish oil (FO) and better utilization of dietary vegetable oil (VO). Despite the central role of intestine in maintaining body homeostasis and health, its molecular response to replacement of dietary FO by VO has been little investigated. This study employed transcriptomic and proteomic analyses to study effects of dietary VO in two family groups of Atlantic salmon selected for flesh lipid content, 'Lean' or 'Fat'.ResultsMetabolism, particularly of lipid and energy, was the functional category most affected by diet. Important effects were also measured in ribosomal proteins and signalling. The long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) biosynthesis pathway, assessed by fatty acid composition and gene expression, was influenced by genotype. Intestinal tissue contents of docosahexaenoic acid were equivalent in Lean salmon fed either a FO or VO diet and expression of LC-PUFA biosynthesis genes was up-regulated in VO-fed fish in Fat salmon. Dietary VO increased lipogenesis in Lean fish, assessed by expression of FAS, while no effect was observed on β-oxidation although transcripts of the mitochondrial respiratory chain were down-regulated, suggesting less active energetic metabolism in fish fed VO. In contrast, dietary VO up-regulated genes and proteins involved in detoxification, antioxidant defence and apoptosis, which could be associated with higher levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in this diet. Regarding genotype, the following pathways were identified as being differentially affected: proteasomal proteolysis, response to oxidative and cellular stress (xenobiotic and oxidant metabolism and heat shock proteins), apoptosis and structural proteins particularly associated with tissue contractile properties. Genotype effects were accentuated by dietary VO.ConclusionsIntestinal metabolism was affected by diet and genotype. Lean fish may have higher responsiveness to low dietary n-3 LC-PUFA, up-regulating the biosynthetic pathway when fed dietary VO. As global aquaculture searches for alternative oils for feeds, this study alerts to the potential of VO introducing contaminants and demonstrates the detoxifying role of intestine. Finally, data indicate genotype-specific responses in the intestinal transcriptome and proteome to dietary VO, including possibly structural properties of the intestinal layer and defence against cellular stress, with Lean fish being more susceptible to diet-induced oxidative stress.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/1866
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-13-448
Aparece nas colecções:FCT2-Artigos (em revistas ou actas indexadas)
CCM2-Artigos (em revistas ou actas indexadas)

Ficheiros deste registo:
Ficheiro Descrição TamanhoFormato 
1471-2164-13-448.xml209,42 kBXMLVer/Abrir
1471-2164-13-448.pdf1,01 MBAdobe PDFVer/Abrir
1471-2164-13-448-S3.DOC53 kBMicrosoft WordVer/Abrir
1471-2164-13-448-S4.DOC84 kBMicrosoft WordVer/Abrir
1471-2164-13-448-S2.DOC92 kBMicrosoft WordVer/Abrir
1471-2164-13-448-S1.DOC127 kBMicrosoft WordVer/Abrir


FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInDiggGoogle BookmarksMySpace
Formato BibTex MendeleyEndnote Degois 

Todos os registos no repositório estão protegidos por leis de copyright, com todos os direitos reservados.