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|Título:||The influence of wave action and lithology on sea cliff mass movements in central Algarve coast, Portugal|
|Autor:||Bezerra, Maria Margarida Tarrio Agreiro|
|Resumo:||The vulnerability of a rocky cliff to direct wave attack is a function of its lithological, structural, and morphological characteristics. The intensity of wave attack at the cliff foot depends on incident wave characteristics, nearshore bathymetry, beach and shore platform topography, coastline orientation, storm surges, and tidal range. The main goal of this paper is to relate the role of wave action as a geomorphic process influencing coastal cliff erosion with the control imposed by lithological and structural characteristics. For that purpose, a numerical wave propagation model (STWAVE) was used to evaluate differences in breaking wave height and energy along the study area (Galé–Olhos de Água, South Portugal) for a set of representative wave conditions and compared with existing mass movement data. As the study area presents wide longshore variation in wave exposition and breaking wave energies, five sectors were defined with contrasting wave action. When the distribution of mass movements along the coast is analyzed without considering the lithological variation, there is no relationship between the number and displaced volumes of mass movements and wave energy for each sector, with the majority of the movements and the greater volumes occurring in the least energetic sector. Therefore, lithology represents the dominant control on mass movement occurrence. However, if lithological variation is controlled by analyzing only the most common lithology in the study area (Miocene carbonate rocks), spatial variations in nearshore wave energy driven by the interaction of wave conditions with coastline orientation are found to influence mass movement occurrence.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||FCT2-Artigos (em revistas ou actas indexadas)|
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|journal of coastal research.pdf||1,52 MB||Adobe PDF||Ver/Abrir|
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