Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/3233
Título: Equilibrium constants and protonation site for N-methylbenzenesulfonamides
Autor: Moreira, José A.
Costa, Ana M. Rosa da
García-Río, Luís
Pessêgo, Márcia
Palavras-chave: Linear free-energy relationships
N-methylbenzenesulfonamides
Protonation equilibrium
Data: 2011
Editora: Beilstein-Institut
Citação: Moreira, José A.; Rosa da Costa, Ana M.; García-Río, Luís; Pessêgo, Márcia. Equilibrium constants and protonation site for N -methylbenzenesulfonamides, Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, 7, 1732-1738, 2011.
Resumo: The protonation equilibria of four substituted N-methylbenzenesulfonamides, X-MBS: X = 4-MeO (3a), 4-Me (3b), 4-Cl (3c) and 4-NO2 (3d), in aqueous sulfuric acid were studied at 25 °C by UV–vis spectroscopy. As expected, the values for the acidity constants are highly dependent on the electron-donor character of the substituent (the pKBH+ values are −3.5 ± 0.2, −4.2 ± 0.2, −5.2 ± 0.3 and −6.0 ± 0.3 for 3a, 3b, 3c and 3d, respectively). The solvation parameter m* is always higher than 0.5 and points to a decrease in the importance of solvation on the cation stabilization as the electron-donor character of the substituent increases. Hammett plots of the equilibrium constants showed a better correlation with the σ+ substituent parameter than with σ, which indicates that the initial protonation site is the oxygen atom of the sulfonyl group.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/3233
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3762/bjoc.7.203
ISSN: 1860-5397
Versão do Editor: http://www.beilstein-journals.org/bjoc/single/articleFullText.htm?publicId=1860-5397-7-203
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