Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/4800
Título: Carob pulp as raw material for production of the biocontrol agent P. agglomerans PBC-1
Autor: Manso, Teresa
Nunes, Carla
Raposo, Sara
Lima-Costa, Maria Emília
Palavras-chave: Biological control
Carob by-products
Stirred-tank reactor (STR)
Batch cultures
Data: 2010
Editora: Springer-Verlag
Citação: Manso, Teresa; Nunes, Carla; Raposo, Sara; Lima-Costa, Maria Emília. Carob pulp as raw material for production of the biocontrol agent P. agglomerans PBC-1, Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology, 37, 11, 1145-1155, 2010.
Resumo: Large-scale production has been the major obstacle to the success of many biopesticides. The spreading of microbial biocontrol agents against postharvest disease, as a safe and environmentally friendly alternative to synthetic fungicides, is quite dependent on their industrial mass production from low-cost raw materials. Considerable interest has been shown in using agricultural waste products and by-products from food industry as nitrogen and carbon sources. In this work, carob pulp aqueous extracts were used as carbon source in the production of the biocontrol agent Pantoea agglomerans PBC-1. Optimal sugar extraction was achieved at a solid/liquid ratio of 1:10 (w/v), at 25°C, for 1 h. Batch experiments were performed in shake flasks, at different concentrations and in stirred reactors at two initial inoculums concentrations, 106 and 107 cfu ml−1. The initial sugar concentration of 5 g l−1 allowed rapid growth (0.16 h−1) and high biomass productivity (0.28 g l−1 h−1) and was chosen as the value for use in stirred reactor experiments. After 22 and 32 h of fermentation the viable population reached was 3.2 × 109 and 6.2 × 109 cfu ml−1 in the fermenter inoculated at 106 cfu ml−1 and 2.7 × 109 and 6.7 × 109 cfu ml−1 in the bioreactor inoculated at 107 cfu ml−1. A 78% reduction of the pathogen incidence was achieved with PBC-1 at 1 × 108 cfu ml−1, grown in medium with carob extracts, on artificially wounded apples stored after 7 days at 25°C against P. expansum.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/4800
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1007/s10295-010-0762-1
ISSN: 1367-5435
Versão do Editor: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10295-010-0762-1
Aparece nas colecções:CIM2-Artigos (em revistas ou actas indexadas)

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