Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/4877
Título: The role of color information on object recognition: a review and meta-analysis
Autor: Bramão, Inês
Reis, Alexandra
Petersson, Karl Magnus
Faísca, Luís
Palavras-chave: Meta-analysis
Literature review
Color information
Object recognition
Color diagnosticity
Object properties
Data: 2011
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Bramao, Ines; Reis, Alexandra; Petersson, Karl Magnus; Faísca, Luís. The role of color information on object recognition: A review and meta-analysis, Acta Psychologica, 138, 1, 244-253, 2011.
Resumo: In this study, we systematically review the scientific literature on the effect of color on object recognition. Thirty-five independent experiments, comprising 1535 participants, were included in a meta-analysis. We found a moderate effect of color on object recognition (d=0.28). Specific effects of moderator variables were analyzed and we found that color diagnosticity is the factor with the greatest moderator effect on the influence of color in object recognition; studies using color diagnostic objects showed a significant color effect (d=0.43), whereas a marginal color effect was found in studies that used non-color diagnostic objects (d=0.18). The present study did not permit the drawing of specific conclusions about the moderator effect of the object recognition task; while the meta-analytic review showed that color information improves object recognition mainly in studies using naming tasks (d=0.36), the literature review revealed a large body of evidence showing positive effects of color information on object recognition in studies using a large variety of visual recognition tasks. We also found that color is important for the ability to recognize artifacts and natural objects, to recognize objects presented as types (line-drawings) or as tokens (photographs), and to recognize objects that are presented without surface details, such as texture or shadow. Taken together, the results of the meta-analysis strongly support the contention that color plays a role in object recognition. This suggests that the role of color should be taken into account in models of visual object recognition.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/4877
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2011.06.010
ISSN: 0001-6918
Versão do Editor: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001691811001338
Aparece nas colecções:FCH2-Artigos (em revistas ou actas indexadas)



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