Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/5926
Título: The role of hypoxia in the regulation of membrane transporters
Autor: Vicente, Ana Luísa Fernandes Dória Ribeiro
Orientador: Marques, Vera Ribeiro
Pereira, Teresa
Palavras-chave: Biologia celular
Biologia molecular
Inflamação
Fármacos
Transportes
Genética médica
Cancro
Data de Defesa: 2011
Resumo: ATP binding cassette (ABC) and solute carrier (SLC) transporters are responsible for the majority of the transcellular movement of various substrates, including drugs, among epithelial cells. Despite the well characterized regulation of influx (SLC) and efflux (ABC) transporters by endogenous mediators, such as inflammatory cytokines, little is known about how changes in oxygen levels may affect expression of these transporters. In this study we showed that the expression of SLC22A4, SLC22A5, SLC22A1, SLC02B1, SLC10A2, ABCC2 and ABCC3 transporters is upregulated by hypoxia in HT29 colon carcinoma cells, but not in HepG2 hepatocarcinoma cells. Moreover, OCTN1 (SLC22A4), OCT1 (SLC22A1) and OATP-B (SLC02B1) transporter expression is also induced by inflammatory cytokines but in a smaller extent than in hypoxia. Furthermore our experiments indicate that there is no cross talk between HIF-1 and NF-κB pathways in HT-29 cells, but these two pathways act simultaneously activating common genes, such as, some SLC and ABC transporters. Our preliminary results from studies with an in vivo murine model of colitis, suggest that HIF-1is stabilized and OCTN1 is strongly induced during severe inflammation, which can be relevant for a recovery from the inflammatory process. We have also been interested in the distribution of HIF-1α variants among different ethnic groups as well as their contribution for cancer risk. Thus, we have demonstrated that there is an ethnicity-related variation in the frequency of the C1772T (P582S) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the HIF-1α gene. Furthermore, we performed a case-control study in a breast cancer population and our results suggest that there is no association between this SNP or the rare G1790A (A588T) SNP and the incidence of breast cancer. Taken together, the results obtained in this study contribute to a better knowledge of drug influx and efflux during hypoxia and inflammation as well as to the understanding of the pharmacogenetic variability of the HIF-1.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/5926
Designação: Doutoramento em Ciências Biológicas (Biologia Celular e Molecular)
Aparece nas colecções:UA01-Teses

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