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|Título:||Differential effects of low-temperature inhibition on the propylene induced autocatalysis of ethylene production, respiration and ripening of 'Hayward' kiwifruit|
|Autor:||Antunes, Maria Dulce|
Kanellis, A. K.
Sfakiotakis, E. M.
|Editora:||Taylor & Francis|
|Resumo:||Previous studies (Stavroulakis and Sfakiotakis, 1993) have shown an inhibition of propylene-induced ethylene production in kiwifruit below a critical temperature range of 11-14.8 degrees C. The aim of this research was to identify the biochemical basis of this inhibition in kiwifruit below 11-14.8 degrees C. 'Hayward' kiwifruit were treated with increasing propylene concentrations at 10 and 20 degrees C. Ethylene biosynthesis pathways and fruit ripening were investigated. Kiwifruit at 20 degrees C in air started autocatalysis of ethylene production and ripened after 19 d with a concomitant increase in respiration. Ethylene production and the respiration rise appeared earlier with increased propylene concentrations. Ripening proceeded immediately after propylene treatment, while ethylene autocatalysis needed a lag period of 24-72 h. The latter event was attributed to the delay found in the induction of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase (ACC synthase) activity and consequently to the delayed increase of l-aminocyclopropane l-carboxylic acid (ACC) content. In contrast propylene treatment induced 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidase (ACC oxidase) activity with no lag period. Moreover, transcription of ACC synthase and ACC oxidase genes was active only in ethylene-producing kiwifruit at 20 degrees C. In contrast, treatment at 10 degrees C with propylene strongly inhibited ethylene production, which was attributed to the low activities of both ACC synthase and ACC oxidase as well as the low initial ACC level. Interestingly, fruit treated with propylene at 10 degrees C appeared to be able to transcribe the ACC oxidase but not the ACC synthase gene. However, propylene induced ripening of that fruit almost as rapidly as in the propylene-treated fruit at 20 degrees C. Respiration rate was increased together with propylene concentration. It is concluded that kiwifruit stored at 20 degrees C behaves as a typical climacteric fruit, while at 10 degrees C behaves like a non-climacteric fruit. We propose that the main reasons for the inhibition of the propylene induced (autocatalytic) ethylene production in kiwifruit at low temperature (less than or equal to 10 degrees C), are primarily the suppression of the propylene-induced ACC synthase gene expression and the possible post-transcriptional modification of ACC oxidase.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||FCT2-Artigos (em revistas ou actas indexadas)|
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|Differential effects of low temperature inhibition on the propylene induced autocatalysis of ethylene production respiration and ripening of Hayward.pdf||833,01 kB||Adobe PDF||Ver/Abrir Acesso Restrito. Solicitar cópia ao autor!|
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