Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/6468
Título: A possibility for non-invasive diagnosis of superficial scald in 'Rocha' pear based on chlorophyll a fluorescence, colorimetry, and the relation between alpha-farnesene and conjugated trienols
Autor: Guerra, R.
Garde, I. V.
Antunes, Maria Dulce
da Silva, J. M.
Antunes, R.
Cavaco, A. M.
Data: 2012
Editora: Elsevier
Resumo: This study aimed to identify physiological markers in superficially scalded 'Rocha' pear (Pyrus communis L 'Rocha') that would relate to chlorophyll a fluorescence (CF), allowing a non-invasive diagnosis of the disorder. Conditions chosen before shelf life provided two fruit groups with different developing patterns and severity of superficial scald: T fruit fully developed the disorder in storage, while C fruit developed it progressively throughout shelf life. Principal component analysis (PCA) of all the measured variables, and simple linear correlations among several major parameters and scald index (SI)/shelf life showed that scald and ripening/aging were concurring processes, and that it was not possible to isolate a particular variable that could deliver a direct non-invasive diagnosis of the disorder. For both fruit groups the SI resulted from the balance between the reducing power (OD200) and the content of conjugated trienols (CTos) and alpha-farnesene (alpha-Farn) in the fruit peel. At OD200 > 150 there was a linear relationship between CTos and OD200, suggesting that the level of antioxidants was self-adjusted in order to compensate the CTos level. However, at OD200 < 150 this relationship disappeared. A consistent linear relationship between dos and alpha-Farn existed throughout shelf life in both fruit groups, contrarily to the early storage stage, when those compounds do not relate linearly. The CF variables F-0, F-v/F-m, and the colorimetric variables, L* and h degrees were used in multi-linear regressions with other physiological variables. The regressions were made on one of the fruit groups and validated through the other. Reliable regressions to alpha-Farn and CTos were obtained (R approximate to 0.6; rmsec approximate to rmsep). Our results suggest that a model based on CF and colorimetric parameters could be used to diagnose non-invasively both the contents and the relationship between alpha-Farn and CTos and hence the stage of scald development. (C) 2011 Elsevier By. All rights reserved.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/6468
DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2011.11.017
ISSN: 0304-4238
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