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|Título:||SCAR and CAPS markers flanking the Brassica oleracea L. Pp523 downy mildew resistance locus demarcate a genomic region syntenic to the top arm end of Arabidopsis thaliana L. chromosome 1|
Monteiro, A. A.
Leitão, J. M.
|Resumo:||We recently mapped the Pp523 locus that includes a single, dominant gene conferring resistance to downy mildew expressed in adult plants to a 75.1 cm long linkage group on a genetic linkage map of Brassica oleracea L. More recently, we identified a new AFLP marker 2.8 cm downstream from the resistance gene. The five DNA markers within an 8.5 cm region encompassing the Pp523 gene were cloned and sequenced. Three of these markers were transformed into SCARs (sequence characterised amplified regions), however, two among them were monomorphic and were analysed as CAPS (cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence) markers among the mapping population. Searched against genomic databases, the five B. oleracea DNA-marker sequences matched Arabidopsis thaliana L. gene sequences that delimit a conserved syntenic region in the top arm end of chromosome 1 of this last species. Considering the close genetic relatedness between both species, the information on this specific genomic region in A. thaliana is particularly useful for the construction of a fine-scale map of the corresponding genomic region in B. oleracea. The identified SCAR and CAPS markers can be used for marker assisted selection (MAS) in breeding programs aimed at the introgression of the Pp523 resistance locus, allowing the reliable indirect identification of plants harbouring the resistance gene with a margin of error of approximately six in ten-thousand selected plants.|
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