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|Título:||Sugar variation in healthy, blue mold infected and aureobasidium pullulans treated ‘rocha’ pear|
|Autor:||Ramalho, J. C.|
Pais, Isabel P.
Silva, M. J.
|Editora:||Universidade do Algarve|
|Resumo:||Soluble sugars variation in ‘Rocha’ pear was studied in healthy, infected with Penicillium expansum (blue mold) and treated with the antagonist Aureobasidium pullulans fruits. Pears from four pickings were analyzed after 1, 3 and 5 months of cold storage (-0.5 ºC, 95% RH). For each storage period fruits were inoculated and kept at room temperature (ca. 20 ºC) for 5 d and analyzed. After 1 month of cold storage sucrose increased from the first to the last picking, while fructose, glucose and sorbitol were stable in healthy fruits. After 5 d at room temperature non-inoculated fruits presented fructose and glucose rises and sorbitol decreases for the 4 harvest dates, while sucrose increased in earlier yielded fruits but decreased in the last two pickings. After infection with P. expansum, in general, was observed a tendency to decrease in all sugars. The application of the antagonist A. pullulans partly reverses such tendency. The antagonist alone causes lower disturbances in sugar contents, except in glucose that may present slight decreases. Considering only the fruits of the commercial harvest date (DC3), sugars tend to increase along cold storage (except sucrose), particularly in healthy fruits and for most cases of both blue mold and antagonist inoculated fruits. On the other hand, the tendency for sugar decrease in P. expansum infected fruits, reported for 1 month of cold storage, is still detectable for glucose and sucrose after 3 months, and glucose, fructose and sorbitol after 5 months. After 3 and 5 months of storage, the maintenance of sugar content in fruits of the DC3 inoculated with both blue mold and the antagonist was not as clear as for 1 month. Data suggested that cold storage was beneficial for sugar increase of healthy fruits, except for sucrose. In the DC3 fruits, sugar loss caused by P. expansum was higher after 1 month of storage, but the use of the antagonist A. pullulans partly reverses that tendency.|
|Descrição:||Proceedings of the International Conference “Environmentally friendly and safe technologies for quality of fruit and vegetables”, held in Universidade do Algarve, Faro, Portugal, on January 14-16, 2009. This Conference was a join activity with COST Action 924.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||UED01-Edições UAlg|
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|Ramalho_Sugar.pdf||819,73 kB||Adobe PDF||Ver/Abrir|
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