Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/5034
Título: Are microcosm volume and sample pre-filtration relevant to evaluate phytoplankton growth?
Autor: Nogueira, Patrícia
Domingues, Rita B.
Barbosa, Ana B.
Palavras-chave: Bottle effects
Bottle volume
Trophic cascade
Data: 2014
Editora: Elsevier
Resumo: “Bottle effects” are one of the most deeply rooted concerns of phytoplankton microcosm studies and are mainly related to incubation time and sample volume. Sample pre-filtration to remove larger grazers is also a common procedure in experimental phytoplankton ecology studies, particularly in nutrient enrichment experiments. However, the effects of bottle volume and sample pre-filtration on the outcomes of such experiments, particularly on the net growth rates of specific phytoplankton taxa, have never been addressed. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the effects of different bottle volumes and sample pre-filtration on phytoplankton net growth rates in microcosm experiments. To accomplish this goal, unfiltered and filtered (b100 μm)water samples, collected in the Guadiana estuary,were nutrient-enriched to avoid nutrient limitation and incubated for 3 days in polycarbonate microcosms with different volumes (0.5 L–8.0 L), inside a plant growth chamber. Phytoplankton composition, abundance, biomass and taxon-specific net growth rates were evaluated throughout the experiment. No systematic significant effects of bottle volume were detected in phytoplankton growth rates. However, sample filtration caused significant changes in phytoplankton composition, with a decline of diatom abundance. Moreover, the removal of large-sized predators and large-sized phytoplankton (diatoms) after sample filtration cascaded down the food web, affecting taxon-specific net growth rates differently. Net growth rates of green algae and eukaryotic picophytoplankton were significantly higher in filtered treatments in respect to unfiltered treatments. Conversely, both diatoms and cryptophytes presented higher net growth rates in unfiltered treatments while net growth rates of picoplanktonic cyanobacteria and plastidic nanoflagellates were not affected by sample filtration.We conclude that, while microcosm volume does not affect results in phytoplankton microcosms, sample pre-filtration may significantly alter the structure of the original phytoplankton community and hence increase the problems associated with the extrapolation of experimental outcomes to the natural environment.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/5034
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2014.09.006
ISSN: 0022-0981
Versão do Editor: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022098114002494
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