Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/5043
Título: River damming leads to decreased phytoplankton biomass and disappearance of cyanobacteria blooms
Autor: Domingues, Rita B.
Barbosa, Ana B.
Galvão, Helena M.
Palavras-chave: River impoundment
Cyanobacteria blooms
Anthropogenic impacts
Data: 2014
Editora: Elsevier
Resumo: The large Alqueva dam was built in the early 2000s in the Guadiana River (southern Portugal) and has highly controlled the freshwater flowing into the Guadiana estuary, leading to significant changes in the natural hydrological regime. To evaluate the impacts of water restriction and flow regularization on estuarine phytoplankton and their environmental variables, sampling campaigns were conducted in the Guadiana estuary throughout a 14-year period, covering different phases related to the Alqueva dam construction. Significant alterations in phytoplankton and their environmental drivers were observed. In the post-filling period, river flow became more constant throughout the year and its natural seasonal variability, with maxima in the winter and minima in the summer, was greatly reduced, leading to higher river flows in the summer and lower in the winter, in relation to the pre-filling phase. Nutrient and light availability and, hence, phytoplankton dynamics, were greatly affected. Phytoplankton abundance and biomass decreased in the post-filling phase related to a decrease in diatoms and cyanobacteria. Since cyanobacteria blooms in the Guadiana are frequently dominated by toxic species, this constitutes an improvement in water quality. However, the overall decrease in phytoplankton biomass and, specifically, the decline in diatom biomass, will have major consequences for the higher trophic levels that depend on planktonic food.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/5043
DOI: http://dx.doi/org/10.1016/j.ecss.2013.11.012
ISSN: 0272-7714
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