Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/4728
Título: Individual differences in cortisol levels and behaviour of Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) juveniles: evidence for coping styles
Autor: Silva, P. I. M.
Martins, C. I. M.
Engrola, S.
Marino, G.
Øverli, Ø.
Conceição, L. E. C.
Palavras-chave: Individual variation
Feeding motivation
Stress response
Data: 2010
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Silva, P.I.M.; Martins, C.I.M.; Engrola, S.; Marino, G.; Øverli, Ø.; Conceição, L.E.C. Individual differences in cortisol levels and behaviour of Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) juveniles: Evidence for coping styles, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 124, 1-2, 75-81, 2010.
Resumo: Individual variation in stress physiology and behaviour has been previously reported in several fish species. As seen in other vertebrates, existence of stress coping styles seemsto be reflected by the presence of individual variation. Aggressive behaviour, amongst others, is one of the most commonly used parameters to characterize coping styles. However, not all fish species exhibit aggressive behaviour, such as the flatfish Senegalese sole, Solea senegalensis (Kaup, 1858). Therefore, the goal of this study was to determine the magnitude of individual variation in behavioural parameters other than aggression (feeding motivation and activity during stress) as well as in growth and stress response in Senegalese sole. The relationship between these variables was investigated to determine whether they could be used as indicators of coping styles. Thirty-six juvenile fish (9.9 2.2 g) were individually housed for 73 days. Feedingmotivation,measured as the time(in s) taken by each fish to react to feed,was determined on days 10, 17, 24 and 31. Bloodsamples for plasmacortisol were collected on days 51 and 71 for determination of undisturbed and stress levels, respectively. Thestress test consisted of holding each fish individually in a net, outside the water, for 3min. Duration of escape attempts, i.e. the time takenby each fish to stop struggling (in an attempt to escape) in the net, was quantified. The results showed a pronounced individual variation in both control (CV = 54%) and acute stress (CV = 71%) cortisol levels. Senegalese sole also exhibited high coefficient of variationinthebehavioural parameters:75%in feeding latency and96%induration of escape attempts. Growth (RGR = 1.17 0.38) showed to be the parameter with lower variation of only 32% and was not correlated with any of the measured parameters. A significant correlation between undisturbed cortisol levels and duration of escape attempts was found. Undisturbed cortisol levels (8.08 4.36 ng/ml) were negatively correlated with duration of escape attempts (P = 0.009, rs = 0.503). Correlations between plasma cortisol levels after stress (398.45 282.67 ng/ml) and the behavioural parameters were not found. The observed individual variation in behaviour and stress physiology as well as their relationship suggests the existence of coping styles in Senegalese sole where proactive individuals exhibit shorter feeding latency, higher duration of escape attempts and lower undisturbed cortisol levels than passive individuals.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/4728
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2010.01.008
ISSN: 0168-1591
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