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|Título:||Relationship between tipburn and leaf mineral composition in strawberry|
Correia, Maribela Pestana
de Varennes, A.
Correia, P. J.
|Resumo:||Malformation of emerging leaves with distortion of leaf tips, a condition known as tipburn, is frequently observed in strawberry. Calcium (Ca) deficiency has been considered the main cause of tipburn. The aim of the present study was to analyse the relationship between leaf mineral composition and the incidence of tipburn in three short-day strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) cultivars ('Ventana', 'Camarosa' and 'Candonga') submitted to different concentrations of Ca. The studies were conducted in a hydroponic system in a greenhouse. Calcium was added as Ca(NO(3))(2) at 2 mM, 3 mM, 4 mM and 5 mM. A completely randomized block design (4 Ca concentrations x 3 cultivars) with three replications was used. Each replicate consisted of 12 plants grown in a polyethylene bag (100 cm x 18 cm x 3 cm) filled with coconut peat. Crown diameter and tipburn incidence were evaluated throughout the experimental period, and at the end of the experiment leaf mineral composition was assessed. In general, plants with larger crown diameters had a greater incidence of tipburn. The 'Candonga' cultivar had the smallest incidence of tipburn, while the 'Camarosa' and 'Ventana' cultivars were more susceptible. There was no correlation between level of Ca applied and incidence of tipburn. The incidence of tipburn was associated with foliar K:Ca and K:Mg ratios. Ratios above 3.40 for K:Mg and 1.77 for K:Ca represented a risk of more than 50% of tipburn incidence, when overall means for all cultivars and levels of Ca were used. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
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