Repository logo
Thumbnail Image

Food-related quality of life and its predictors in inflammatory bowel disease

Use this identifier to reference this record.
s10620-024-08333-9 (1).pdf825 KBAdobe PDF Download



Background Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with dietary restrictions and food- and drink-driven daily life limitations. Food-related quality of life (FR-QoL) is still an under-addressed issue in IBD. Aim We aimed to study determinants of FR-QoL in an IBD cohort, namely objective measures of disease activity. Methods A cross-sectional case-control study was conducted in a Tertiary Hospital, including adult patients with IBD (cases) and blood donors or subjects referred for colorectal polypectomies (controls). Participants answered an anonymous multimodal questionnaire including sociodemographic and clinical data, the validated FR-QoL-29, and the SIBDQ tools. Patients' disease activity was previously assessed by a physician using symptom-based scores and biomarkers (Harvey-Bradshaw index, partial Mayo score, fecal calprotectin). Results A total of 239 patients with IBD and 126 controls were included. Patients with active disease had poorer FR-QoL than patients in remission (80.0 [56.0-99.0] vs. 103.5 [81.0-129.9], p < 0.001). Still, patients with IBD had significantly lower FR-QoL compared with controls (99.0 [76.0-126.0] vs. 126.0 [102.8-143.0], p < 0.001), irrespective of disease activity. FR-QoL correlated with health-related quality of life, measured by SIBDQ (r = 0.490, p < 0.001), and was significantly impaired by patients' depressive humor (84.0 [61.0-112.0] vs. 108.0 [88.0-130.5], p < 0.001). Globally, FR-QoL compromise was mostly related to persistent worries about food, concerns about food-related symptoms, and life disruption due to eating and drinking. Conclusions Patients with IBD showed significant FR-QoL impairment, irrespective of disease type and activity. Related psychosocial factors, such as the patient's affective status and fear around eating, warrant a need for a multidisciplinary approach to IBD, including tailored nutritional counseling.



Inflammatory bowel disease Quality of life Diet Nutrition Food-related issues


Research Projects

Organizational Units

Journal Issue