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|Título:||Nutrient deficiencies in carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) grown in solution culture|
|Autor:||Correia, P. J.|
Martins-Loução, M. A.
|Citação:||Correia, P. J.; Pestana, Maribela; Martins-Loucao, M. A.Nutrient deficiencies in carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) grown in solution culture, Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology, 78, 6, 847-852, 2003.|
|Resumo:||The hypothesis was tested that carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) is able to develop morphological and physiological adaptations to tolerate or at least mitigate soil nutrient deficiencies. In this work we studied the effects of N, P, Mg, Ca and Fe deficiencies on plant morphology, biomass partitioning, concentrations of chlorophyll, fluorescence and root tip ferric chelate-reductase in carob rootstocks grown in hydroponics. Young rootstock trees were grown in hydroponics with half-strength Hoagland's solution (control) or without N, P, Mg, Ca and Fe (treatments N0, P0, Mg0, Ca0 and Fe0). Nitrogen, and P deficiency affected shoot and root growth but not biomass partitioning or photosynthetic efficiency. Plants without Mg had a few large non-ramificated roots and low photosynthetic efficiency, similar to the Fe-starved plants. Root ferric chelate-reductase activity (FC-R) expressed on a fresh weight basis was higher under P and Mg deficiencies compared with control plants, but Fe0 plants had lower FC-R activity if dry weights are used. The response of carob-tree to these particular nutrients depletion may support the ecological plasticity of this species. Under natural conditions, lack of Fe and Mg in the soil is not likely to occur, but if N and P are limiting, carob growth (shoot and root dry weights) may be negatively affected. Even so, photosynthetic efficiency is maintained, and under P stress FC-R activity may increase.|
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