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|Título:||Seismic detection using support vector machines|
|Autor:||Ruano, A. E.|
Khosravani, H. R.
Ruano, M. Graça
Ferreira, P. M.
Support vector machines
Early warning systems
|Citação:||Ruano, A.E.; Madureira, G.; Barros, O.; Khosravani, H.R.; Ruano, M.G.; Ferreira, P.M.Seismic detection using support vector machines, Neurocomputing, 135, 5, 273-283, 2014.|
|Resumo:||This study describes research to design a seismic detection system to act at the level of a seismic station, providing a similar role to that of STA/LTA ratio-based detection algorithms. In a first step, Multi-Layer Perceptrons (MLPs) and Support Vector Machines (SVMs), trained in supervised mode, were tested. The sample data consisted of 2903 patterns extracted from records of the PVAQ station, one of the seismographic network’s stations of the Institute of Meteorology of Portugal (IM). Records’ spectral variations in time and characteristics were reflected in the input ANN patterns, as a set of values of power spectral density at selected frequencies. To ensure that all patterns of the sample data were within the range of variation of the training set, we used an algorithm to separate the universe of data by hyper-convex polyhedrons, determining in this manner a set of patterns that have a mandatory part of the training set. Additionally, an active learning strategy was conducted, by iteratively incorporating poorly classified cases in the training set. The proposed system best results, in terms of sensitivity and selectivity in the whole data ranged between 98% and 100%. These results compare very favourably with the ones obtained by the existing detection system, 50%, and with other approaches found in the literature. Subsequently, the system was tested in continuous operation for unseen (out of sample) data, and the SVM detector obtained 97.7% and 98.7% of sensitivity and selectivity, respectively. The classifier presented 88.4% and 99.4% of sensitivity and selectivity when applied to data of a different seismic station of IM. Due to the input features used, the average time taken for detection with this approach is in the order of 100 s. This is too long to be used in an early-warning system. In order to decrease this time, an alternative set of input features was tested. A similar performance was obtained, with a significant reduction in the average detection time (around 1.3 s). Additionally, it was experimentally proved that, whether off-line or in continuous operation, the best results are obtained when the SVM detector is trained with data originated from the respective seismic station.|
|Versão do Editor:||http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925231214000332|
|Aparece nas colecções:||FCT2-Artigos (em revistas ou actas indexadas)|
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