Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/5007
Título: The influence of submarine groundwater discharges on subtidal meiofauna assemblages in south Portugal (Algarve)
Autor: Encarnação, João
Leitao, F.
Range, Pedro
Pilo, D.
Teodosio, Maria
Chícharo, Luís
Palavras-chave: Submarine groundwater discharge
Seasonal benthic variability
Portugal coast
Sandy benthic meiofauna
Coastal productivity
Diversity increase
Data: 20-Set-2013
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Encarnação, João; Leitão, Francisco; Range, Pedro; Piló, David; Chícharo, M. Alexandra; Chícharo, Luís. The influence of submarine groundwater discharges on subtidal meiofauna assemblages in south Portugal (Algarve), Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 130, 202-208, 2013.
Resumo: Submarine groundwater discharges (SGD) have been documented as contributing to the biological productivity of coastal areas, through a bottom-up support to higher trophic levels. Nevertheless, the effects on the bottom levels of the coastal food web, namely the meiofauna, are still very poorly known. The “Olhos de Água” beach is the only area on the South coast of Portugal where submarine freshwater seepages have been identified. In this study, meiofauna assemblages in the area impacted by SGD were compared with the meiofauna from a similar area, but without SGD. Samples were taken in Spring and Summer 2011, under different hydrological regimes, aquifer recharge (after Winter) and dryness (after Spring), respectively. The major changes in the community were recorded at a seasonal level, with higher abundances and number of taxa in Spring, when compared to Summer. This may be explained by better sediment aeration during spring along with higher food availability from the sedimentation of spring phytoplankton blooms. Although no significant differences were detected by multivariate analysis on the meiofauna abundances between Control and Impact areas, pair-wise tests on the interactions between factors in number of taxa (S) and species richness (Margalef's d) suggested that the discharge of groundwater stimulated an increase in meiofauna diversity. Such effect can be observed between the meiofauna assemblages from impacted and control areas and also between periods with different discharge regimes (Spring and Summer) in the impacted area. These findings highlight the role that freshwater discharges from coastal aquifers have on meiofauna assemblages and suggest that SGD contribute to enhance the transfer of energy from the lower levels of the trophic web to upper levels.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/5007
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2013.04.013
ISSN: 0272-7714
Versão do Editor: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0272771413001996
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