Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/5087
Título: Geochemistry and provenance of the Carboniferous Baixo Alentejo Flysch Group, South Portuguese Zone
Autor: Jorge, R. C. G. S.
Fernandes, Paulo
Rodrigues, B.
Pereira, Zélia
Oliveira, José Tomás
Palavras-chave: Baixo Alentejo Flysch Group
South Portuguese Zone
Whole-rock geochemistry
Provenance analysis
Data: 15-Fev-2013
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Jorge, R.C.G.S.; Fernandes, P.; Rodrigues, B.; Pereira, Z.; Oliveira, J.T.Geochemistry and provenance of the Carboniferous Baixo Alentejo Flysch Group, South Portuguese Zone, Sedimentary Geology, 284-285, 1, 133-148, 2013.
Resumo: This work is focused on the turbiditic sediments from the Carboniferous Baixo Alentejo Flysch Group (BAFG) in the South Portuguese Zone, an external zone of the Iberian Variscides. The aim of this work is to constrain the provenance and tectonic setting of these sediments in a context of a complex evolution of SW Iberian Variscides. For this purpose, we performed a systematic study of petrographical and geochemical signatures of greywackes and shales from the three BAFG formations: Mértola, Mira and Brejeira. Major and trace element composition and ratios suggest heterogeneous source area composition for BAFG shales and greywackes. For the oldest Mértola Formation greywackes, source area is dominated by granitoid rocks with minor mafic input. The latter becomes residual in the Mira Formation. The youngest Brejeira Formation greywackes show clear felsic affiliation associated with an increase in recycled components. The shales of all three BAFG formations denote a granodioritic affiliation. Chemical Index of Alteration (CIA) and Plagioclase Index of Alteration (PIA) values suggest moderate weathering in the source areas of Mértola and Mira formations. These indices, together with A–CN–K relations, point out to steady-state weathering conditions in the source areas of both formations. In contrast, both CIA and PIA values for the Brejeira Formation indicate variable conditions of palaeoweathering, from moderate to intense, as a consequence of non-steady-state conditions probably triggered by tectonic instability in the provenance area. Compared to the greywackes, the shales of all three BAFG formations exhibit higher CIA and PIA values, as well as low K2O/Al2O3 (~0.2) and index of compositional variability (b1), reflecting the cumulative effect of multiple cycles of sedimentary recycling and prolonged chemical weathering history. Major and trace element distribution and upper continental crust-normalized multi-element plots suggest that the sediments of BAFG were derived mainly from a continental arc/active margin with minor contribution from old continental crust. Together, our geochemical data are compatible with BAFG sediments derived mainly from SW border of the Ossa Morena Zone (Gondwanan affinity), with possible contribution from an external (Avalonian) source.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/5087
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2012.12.005
ISSN: 0037-0738
Aparece nas colecções:CIM2-Artigos (em revistas ou actas indexadas)

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