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|Título:||The response of watercress (Nasturtium officinale) to vacuum impregnation: Effect of an antifreeze protein type I|
|Autor:||Cruz, R. M. S.|
Vieira, M. M. C.
Silva, C. L. M.
|Resumo:||The setting up of methodologies that reduce the size of ice crystals and reduce or inhibit the recrystalli- sation phenomena could have an extraordinary significance in the final quality of frozen products and consequently bring out new market opportunities. In this work, the effect of an antifreeze protein type I (AFP-I), by vacuum impregnation (VI), on frozen watercress was studied. The VI pressure, samples’ weight, Hunter Lab colour, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and a wilting test were analysed in this work. The water intake of watercress samples augmented with vacuum pressure increase. The results also showed that, independently from the vacuum pressure used, the Lab colour parameters between raw and impregnated samples were maintained, showing no significant differences (P > 0.05). A VI of 58 kPa, during 5 min, allowed impregnating the AFP-I solution (0.01 mg ml-1) into the water- cress samples. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis showed the AFP-I impregnated frozen samples with better cell wall definition and rounded cell shape with smaller ice crystals compared with the control samples. The wilting test results corroborated that AFP-I is a valuable additive, since the leaves impregnated with AFP-I showed higher turgidity compared to the control samples. The present findings will help to better understand the effect of AFP-I, particularly, on frozen water- cress microstructure and its importance as valuable food additive in frozen foods and mainly in leafy vegetables.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||ISE2-Artigos (em revistas ou actas indexadas)|
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|JFOE5727 vaccuum impreg.pdf||832,37 kB||Adobe PDF||Ver/Abrir Acesso Restrito. Solicitar cópia ao autor!|
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