Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/1021
Título: Response to seasonal drought in three cultivars of Ceratonia siliqua: leaf growth and water relations
Autor: Correia, Maria João
Coelho, Dulce
David, Maria Manuela
Palavras-chave: Carob tree
Xylem anatomy
Water stress
Osmotic adjustment
Data: 2001
Citação: Correia, Maria João; Coelho, D.; David, Maria Manuela. Response to seasonal drought in three cultivars of Ceratonia siliqua: leaf growth and water relations. Tree Physiology, 21, 10, 645-653, 2001.
Resumo: The responses of leaf growth and leaf water relations to seasonal drought were monitored, during two successive years, in three cultivars of Ceratonia siliqua L. growing in the field, in the South of Portugal. In leaves from the current year growth bulk leaf water relations parameters were characterised using pressure-volume analysis, and morphometric measurements of xylem in petioles were undertaken. The three cultivars under study (Galhosa, Espargal and Mulata) differed as to the seasonal pattern of leaf initiation: in Galhosa a sharp peak of leaf initiation occurred in June, soon before the period in which the highest leaf expansion rates were determined; on the other two cultivars (Espargal and Mulata), not only the onset of leaf growth occurred earlier, but they continued producing new leaves throughout the summer period. The diurnal pattern of water relations determined in recently-expanded leaves indicated that Galhosa was the only cultivar in which, during midsummer, leaf water potential was not decreased below the turgor loss point and leaf relative water content remained above 90%. Although no conclusive evidence was found for the occurrence of osmotic adjustment in recently-expanded leaves, during the dry season following leaf formation a seasonal decrease in osmotic potential sufficient to maintain turgor was detected in the leaves of Galhosa but not for the other cultivars. As to the anatomy of the xylem at the petioles, the widest xylem conduits were recorded in Galhosa. This might contribute to explain why in this cultivar midday leaf water potential never decreased below –2.0 MPa even at the end of summer drought season.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/1021
ISSN: 0829-318X
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