Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/10799
Título: Intelligent support system for CVA diagnosis by cerebral computerized tomography
Autor: Hajimani, Elmira
Orientador: Ruano, A. E.
Ruano, M. Graça
Palavras-chave: Redes neuronais
Algoritmo genético multi-objectivo
Acidentes vasculares cerebrais
Data de Defesa: 21-Abr-2017
Resumo: The Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) is one of the major causes of death in USA and developed countries, immediately following cardiac diseases and tumors. The increasing number of CVA’s and the requirement of short time diagnosis to minimize morbidity and mortality encourages the development of computer aided diagnosis systems. Early stages of CVA are often undetected by human eye observation of Computer Tomographic (CT) images, thus incorporation of intelligent based techniques on such systems is expected to highly improve their performance. This thesis presents a Radial Basis Functions Neural Network (RBFNN) based diagnosis system for automatic identification of CVA through analysis of CT images. The research hereby reported included construction of a database composed of annotated CT images, supported by a web-based tool for Neuroradiologist registration of his/her normal or abnormal interpretation of each CT image; in case of an abnormal identification the medical doctor was indicted by the software application to designate the lesion type and to identify the abnormal region on each CT’s slice image. Once provided the annotated database each CT image processing considered a pre-processing stage for artefact removal and tilted images’ realignment followed by a feature extraction stage. A large number of features was considered, comprising first and second order pixel intensity statistics as well as symmetry/asymmetry information with respect to the ideal mid-sagittal line of each image. The policy conducted during the intelligent-driven image processing system development included the design of a neural network classifier. The architecture was determined by a Multi Objective Genetic Algorithm (MOGA) where the classifier structure, parameters and image features (input features) were chosen based on the use of different (often conflicting) objectives, ensuring maximization of the classification precision and a good generalization of its performance for unseen data Several scenarios of choosing proper MOGA’s data sets were conducted. The best result was obtained from the scenario where all boundary data points of an enlarged dataset were included in the MOGA training set. Confronted with the NeuroRadiologist annotations, specificity values of 98.01% and sensitivity values of 98.22% were obtained by the computer aided system, at pixel level. These values were achieved when an ensemble of non-dominated models generated by MOGA in the best scenario, was applied to a set of 150 CT slices (1,867,602 pixels). Present results show that the MOGA designed RBFNN classifier achieved better classification results than Support Vector Machines (SVM), despite the huge difference in complexity of the two classifiers. The proposed approach compares also favorably with other similar published solutions, both at lesion level specificity and at the degree of coincidence of marked lesions.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/10799
Designação: Doutoramento em Engenharia Informática
Aparece nas colecções:FCT1-Teses
UA01-Teses

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