Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/1892
Título: Constrains on the use of phytoplankton as a biological quality indicator within the Water Framework Directive in portuguese waters
Autor: Domingues, Rita B.
Barbosa, Ana B.
Galvão, Helena M.
Palavras-chave: Water Framework Directive
Chlorophyll a
Portuguese waters
Data: 2008
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Domingues, RB, AB Barbosa and HM Galvão, 2008 Constrains on the use of phytoplankton as a biological quality indicator within the Water Framework Directive in portuguese waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin 56: 1389-1395.
Resumo: The European Union Water Framework Directive (WFD), a new regulation aiming to achieve and maintain a clean and well-managed water environment, refers to phy­toplank­ton as one of the biological quality elements that should be regularly monitored, and upon which the reference conditions of water quality should be established. However, the use of phy­toplank­ton as a biological quality element will result in several constraints, which are analyzed in this article with examples from Portuguese waters. Specifically, the establishment of reference conditions of water quality may be dif­fi­cult in some water bodies for which no historical data exists. The sampling frequency proposed for phy­toplank­ton monitoring does not seem suitable to assess phy­toplank­ton succession, and may preclude the detection of algal blooms. Finally, the use of chlorophyll a as a proxy of phy­toplank­ton biomass and abundance has been proposed by some authors, but it may overlook blooms of pico- and small nanophytoplank­ton, and overestimate the importance of large microphytoplank­ton. Furthermore, most studies in Portugal have used only inverted microscopy for phy­toplank­ton observation and quantification; this method does not permit the distinction between autotrophic and heterotrophic cells, especially in samples preserved with Lugol’s solution, and does not allow the observation of smaller-sized cells. Finally, some techniques, such as remote sensing and chemotaxonomic analy­sis, are proposed to be used as supplements in phy­toplank­ton monitoring programs.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/1892
Versão do Editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2008.05.006
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