Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/4768
Título: Assessing the effects of pseudo-absences on predictive distribution model performance
Autor: Chefaoui, Rosa
Lobo, J. M.
Palavras-chave: Pseudo-absences
Distribution models
Model accuracy
Graellsia isabelae
Iberian Peninsula
Data: 2008
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Chefaoui, R.M.; Lobo, J.M.Assessing the effects of pseudo-absences on predictive distribution model performance, Ecological Modelling, 210, 4, 478-486, 2008.
Resumo: Modelling species distributions with presence data from atlases, museum collections and databases is challenging. In this paper, we compare seven procedures to generate pseudoabsence data, which in turn are used to generate GLM-logistic regressed models when reliable absence data are not available. We use pseudo-absences selected randomly or by means of presence-only methods (ENFA and MDE) to model the distribution of a threatened endemic Iberian moth species (Graellsia isabelae). The results show that the pseudo-absence selection method greatly influences the percentage of explained variability, the scores of the accuracy measures and, most importantly, the degree of constraint in the distribution estimated. As we extract pseudo-absences from environmental regions further from the optimum established by presence data, the models generated obtain better accuracy scores, and over-prediction increases. When variables other than environmental ones influence the distribution of the species (i.e., non-equilibrium state) and precise information on absences is non-existent, the random selection of pseudo-absences or their selection from environmental localities similar to those of species presence data generates the most constrained predictive distribution maps, because pseudo-absences can be located within environmentally suitable areas. This study showsthat ifwe do not have reliable absence data, the method of pseudo-absence selection strongly conditions the obtained model, generating different model predictions in the gradient between potential and realized distributions.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.1/4768
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2007.08.010
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