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|Título:||Temperature and salinity regimes in a shallow, mesotidal lagoon, the Ria Formosa, Portugal|
|Resumo:||In a recent study of the mesotidal Ria Formosa, a coastal lagoon in southern Portugal, water temperature in the channels ranged from 12 C in winter to 27 C in summer and salinity from 13 to 36.5, although much higher values were observed in saltpans. Conditions in the Ria Formosa were not homogeneous despite a large tidal exchange of water; the inner channels of the Ria Formosa were brackish in winter but hypersaline in summer. Water in inner areas of lagoon had significantly different temperature and salinity characteristics compared to the inflowing coastal water, both in winter and in summer. Areas with these differences in temperature and salinity were detectable both at low water and at high water neaps. Deterioration of water quality is therefore more probable in these areas. The waters went through a complex heating and cooling cycle in summer with diurnal difference of 6 C and 2 in temperature and salinity, respectively. The lack of freshwater input and high insolation meant the outflowing water of the lagoon was more saline that the inflowing coastal waters. In summer, the temperature controlled density with the least dense waters also being the most saline, whereas in winter salinity was the major density controlling parameter. The effects of these freshwater inputs were localised to the vicinity of the Gila˜o River. No evidence was found of persistent or widespread temperature or salinity stratification in the Ria Formosa and so this shallow lagoon appears to be vertically well mixed. Vertical mixing does not allow a dense, stagnant, bottom layer of water to form that would aggravate a deterioration of water quality. The net effect of these processes is a parcel of water that moves through the lagoon with minimal dilution and potentially receiving waste discharges.|
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|1- Newton & Mudge 2003.pdf||875,85 kB||Adobe PDF||Ver/Abrir|
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